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computer organization and architecture

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3rd Sem

computer organization and architecture



Basic Structure of Computers: Computer Types, Functional Units, Basic Operational Concepts, Bus Structures, Software, Performance – Processor Clock, Basic Performance Equation (up to 1.6.2 of Chap 1 of Text).
Machine Instructions and Programs: Numbers, Arithmetic Operations and Characters, IEEE standard for Floating-point Numbers, Memory Location and Addresses, Memory Operations, Instructions and Instruction Sequencing (up to 2.4.6 of Chap 2 and 6.7.1 of Chap 6 of Text).


Addressing Modes, Assembly Language, Basic Input and Output Operations, Stacks and Queues, Subroutines, Additional Instructions (from 2.4.7 of Chap 2, except 2.9.3, 2.11 & 2.12 of Text).


Input/Output Organization: Accessing I/O Devices, Interrupts – Interrupt Hardware, Enabling and Disabling Interrupts, Handling Multiple Devices, Controlling Device Requests, Direct Memory Access(upto 4.2.4 and 4.4 except 4.4.1 of Chap 4 of Text).


Memory System: Basic Concepts, Semiconductor RAM Memories-Internal organization of memory chips, Static memories, Asynchronous DRAMS, Read Only Memories, Cash Memories, Virtual Memories, Secondary Storage-Magnetic Hard Disks (5.1, 5.2, 5.2.1, 5.2.2, 5.2.3, 5.3, 5.5 (except 5.5.1 to 5.5.4), 5.7 (except 5.7.1), 5.9, 5.9.1 of Chap 5 of Text).


Basic Processing Unit: Some Fundamental Concepts, Execution of a Complete Instruction, Multiple Bus Organization, Hardwired Control, Microprogrammed Control (up to 7.5 except 7.5.1 to 7.5.6 of Chap 7 of Text).