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VTU NOTES
Subject code
BESCK104A/204
Semester
1st / 2nd

Module - 1

Civil Engineering Disciplines and Building Science
Introduction to Civil Engineering: Surveying, Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Hydraulics and water Resources, Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Construction planning and project management.
Basic Materials of Construction: Bricks, Cement & mortars, Plain, Reinforced &Pre-stressed
Concrete, Structural steel, Construction Chemicals.
Structural elements of a building: foundation, plinth, lintel, chejja, Masonry wall, column, beam,
slab and staircase

Module - 2

Societal and Global Impact of Infrastructure
Infrastructure: Introduction to sustainable development goals, Smart city concept, clean city concept, Safe city concept
Environment: Water Supply and Sanitary systems, urban air pollution management, Solid waste
management, identification of Landfill sites, urban flood control
Built-environment: Energy efficient buildings, recycling, Temperature and sound control in buildings, Security systems; Smart buildings.

Module - 3

Analysis of force systems: Concept of idealization, system of forces, principles of superposition and transmissibility, Resolution and composition of forces, Law of Parallelogram of forces, Resultant of concurrent and non-concurrent coplanar force systems, moment of forces, couple, Varignon’s theorem, free body diagram, equations of equilibrium, equilibrium of concurrent and non-concurrent coplanar force systems

Module - 4

Centroid: Importance of centroid and centre of gravity, methods of determining the centroid, locating the centroid of plane laminae from first principles, the centroid of built-up sections. Numerical examples

Module - 5

Moment of inertia: Importance of Moment of Inertia, method of determining the second moment of area (moment of inertia) of plane sections from first principles, parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem, section modulus, radius of gyration, moment of inertia of built-up sections, Numerical Examples