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Introduction to Mechanical Engineering 2022 Scheme VTU Notes BESCK104D-204D

Subject code
1st/ 2nd

Module - 1

Introduction: Role of Mechanical Engineering in Industries and Society- Emerging Trends and Technologies in different sectors such as Energy, Manufacturing, Automotive, Aerospace, and Marine sectors.

Energy: Introduction and applications of Energy sources like Fossil fuels, Nuclear fuels, Hydel, Solar, wind, and bio-fuels, Environmental issues like Global warming and Ozone depletion

Module - 2

Machine Tool Operations: Working Principle of lathe, Lathe operations: Turning, facing, knurling. Working principles of Drilling Machine, drilling operations: drilling, boring, reaming. Working of Milling Machine, Milling

operations: plane milling and slot milling. (No sketches of machine tools, sketches to be used only for explaining the operations).

Introduction to Advanced Manufacturing Systems: Introduction, components of CNC, advantages and applications of CNC, 3D printing.

Module - 3

Introduction to IC Engines: Components and Working Principles, 4-Strokes Petrol and Diesel Engines, Application of IC Engines.Insight into Future Mobility; Electric and Hybrid Vehicles, Components of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles. Advantages and disadvantages of EVs and Hybrid vehicles.

Module - 4

Engineering Materials: Types and applications of Ferrous & Nonferrous Metals, silica, ceramics, glass, graphite, diamond and polymer. Shape Memory Alloys.

Joining Processes: Soldering, Brazing and Welding, Definitions, classification of welding process, Arc welding, Gas welding and types of flames.

Module - 5

Introduction to Mechatronics and Robotics: open-loop and closed-loop mechatronic systems.Classification based on robotics configuration: polar cylindrical, Cartesian coordinate and spherical.Application, Advantages and disadvantages.

Automation in industry: Definition, types – Fixed, programmable and flexible automation, basic elements with block diagrams, advantages.

Introduction to IOT: Definition and Characteristics, Physical design, protocols, Logical design of IoT, Functional blocks, and communication models.