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Module - 3


Lasers & Optical Fibers: 08 Hours Lasers: Interaction of radiation with matter, Einstein’s coefficients (derivation of expression for energy density). Requisites of a Laser system. Conditions for Laser action. Principle, Construction and working of CO2 and semiconductor Lasers. Application of Lasers in Defence (Laser range finder) and medical applications- Eye surgery and skin treatment. Optical Fibers: Propagation mechanism, angle of acceptance, Numerical aperture, Modes of propagation, Types of optical fibers, Attenuation and Mention of expression for attenuation coefficient. Discussion of block diagram of point to point communication, Optical fiber sensors- Intensity based displacement sensor and Temperature sensor based on phase modulation, Merits and demerits, Numerical problems.