BUILDING MATERIALs AND CONSTRUCTION
Semester : III
Course Code : 18CV34
CIE Marks : 40 SEE Marks : 60
BUILDING MATERIALS AND CONSTRUCTION
Building Materials: Stone as building material; Requirement of good building stones, Dressing of stones, Deterioration and Preservation of stonework. Bricks; Classification, Manufacturing of clay bricks, Requirement of good bricks. Field and laboratory tests on bricks; compressive strength, water absorption, efflorescence, dimension and warpage.
Cement Concrete blocks, Autoclaved Aerated Concrete Blocks, Sizes, the requirement of good blocks. Timber as construction material.
Fine aggregate: Natural and manufactured: Sieve analysis, zoning, specify gravity, bulking, moisture content, deleterious materials.
Coarse aggregate: Natural and manufactured: Importance of size, shape and texture. Grading of aggregates, Sieve analysis, specific gravity, Flakiness and elongation index, crushing, impact and abrasion tests.
Foundation: Preliminary investigation of soil, safe bearing capacity of soil, Function and requirements of a good foundation, types of foundation, introduction to spread, combined, strap, mat and pile foundation
Masonry: Definition and terms used in masonry. Brick masonry, characteristics and requirements of good brick masonry, Bonds in brickwork, Header, Stretcher, English, Flemish bond, Stonemasonry, Requirements of good stone masonry, Classification, characteristics of different stone masonry, Joints in stone masonry. Types of walls; load-bearing, partition walls, cavity walls.
Lintels and Arches: Definition, function and classification of lintels, Balconies, chejja and canopy. Arches; Elements and Stability of an Arch.
Floors and roofs: Floors; Requirement of a good floor, Components of the ground floor, Selection of flooring material Procedure for laying of Concrete (VDF), Mosaic, Kota, Slate, Marble, Granite, Tile flooring, Cladding of tiles. Roof: Requirement of a good roof, Types of the roof, Elements of a pitched roof, Trussed roof, King post-Truss, Queen Post Truss, Steel Truss, Different roofing materials, R.C.C. Roof.
Doors, Windows and Ventilators: Location of doors and windows, technical terms, Materials for doors and windows: PVC, CPVC and Aluminum. Types of Doors and Windows: Paneled, Flush, Collapsible, Rolling shutter, Paneled and glazed Window, Bay Window, French window. Steel windows, Ventilators. Sizes as per IS recommendations.
Stairs: Definitions, technical terms and types of stairs: Wood, RCC, Metal. Requirements of good stairs. The geometrical design of RCC doglegged and open-well stairs.
Formwork: Introduction to formwork, scaffolding, shoring, underpinning.
Plastering and Pointing: Mortar and its types. Purpose, materials and methods of plastering and pointing: Sand faced plastering, Stucco plastering, lathe plastering, defects in plastering. Waterproofing with various thicknesses.
Damp proofing- causes, effects and methods.
Paints- Purpose, types, technical terms, ingredients and defects, Preparation and applications of paints to new and old plastered surfaces, wooden and steel surfaces.