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engineering geology

Semester :  III

Course Code : 18CV36

CIE Marks : 40                       SEE Marks : 60




Introduction: Application of Geology in Civil Engineering Practices, Understanding the earth, internal structure and composition.
Mineralogy: Mineral properties, composition and their use in the manufacture of construction materials – Quartz Group (Glass); Feldspar Group (Ceramic wares and Flooring tiles); Kaolin (Paper, paint and textile); Asbestos (AC sheets); Carbonate Group ( Cement); Gypsum (POP, gypsum sheets, cement); Mica Group (Electrical industries); Ore minerals – Iron ores (Steel); Chromite (Alloy); Bauxite (aluminium); Chalcopyrite (copper).


Petrology & Geomorphology: Formation, Classification and Engineering Properties of: Igneous rocks-Types of Granite, Dolerite, Basalt, Pumice, Granite Porphyry. Sedimentary Rocks- Sandstone, Limestone, Shale, Late rite, Conglomerate. Metamorphic Rocks- Gneiss, Slate, Muscovite & Biotite schist, Marble, Quartzite. Rock weathering: types and their effects on Civil Engineering Projects. Landforms, Drainage pattern and types. Soil formation and soil profile. The apprehension of Index properties of rocks: Porosity, Density, Permeability, and Durability. Selection of rocks as materials for construction, as a foundation, Decorative, Flooring, and Roofing, Concrete Aggregate, Road Metal, Railway Ballast with examples.


Structural Geology & Rock Mechanics: Structural aspects of rocks like Outcrop, Dip and strike, Folds, Faults, Joints, Unconformities and their influence on Engineering Projects/structures like dam, tunnels, slope treatment; ground improvement, recognition of the structures in field and their types/classification. Rock Quality Determination (RQD) & Rock Structure Rating (RSR). Geological site characterization: Dam foundations and rock Foundation treatment for dams and Reservoirs heavy structures by grouting and rock reinforcement. Tunnels: Basic terminology and application, site investigations, Coastlines and their engineering considerations.


Hydrogeology: Hydrological cycle, Vertical distribution of groundwater, artesian groundwater in soil and rock. Water Bearing Formations, Aquifer and its types – Aquitard, Aquifuge, and Aquiclude. Porosity, Specific yield and retention, Permeability, Transmissibility and Storage Coefficient. Determination of Quality – SAR, RSC and TH of Groundwater. Groundwater Exploration- Electrical Resistivity and Seismic methods, Artificial Recharge of Groundwater, Rainwater harvesting and methods, Seawater intrusion in coastal areas and remedies. Groundwater Pollution. Floods and its control, Cyclone and its effects


Seismology and Geodesy: Earthquake – Causes and Effects, Seismic waves, engineering problems related to Earthquakes, Earthquake intensity, Richter scale, Seismograph, Seismic zones- World and India. Tsunami- causes and effects, Volcanic Eruptions. Landslides (Mass movements) causes, types and remedial measures –stability assessment for soil and rock slopes. Study of Topographic maps and Contour maps; Remote Sensing – Concept, Application and its Limitations; Geographic Information System (GIS) and Global Positioning System (GPS)

textbooks recommended by vtu

  1. P.K. Mukerjee, “A Text Book of Geology”, World Press Pvt., Ltd.Kolkatta.
  2. Parbin Singh, “Text Book of Engineering and General Geology”, Published by S.K.Kataria and Sons, New Dehli.