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Semester :  I/II

Course Code : 18CIV14/24

CIE Marks : 40                       SEE Marks : 60

 Module – 1

Hand Written Notes

 Module – 2

Hand Written Notes

 Module – 3

Hand Written Notes

 Module – 4

Hand Written Notes

 Module – 5

Hand Written Notes

elements of civil engineering



Introduction to Civil Engineering:
Scope of different fields of Civil Engineering:

Surveying, Building Materials, Construction Technology, Geotechnical Engineering, Structural Engineering, Hydraulics, Water Resources & Irrigation Engineering, Transportation Engineering and Environmental Engineering. Role of Civil Engineers in the Infrastructural development, effect of infrastructural facilities on social-economic development of a country.
Introduction to Engineering Mechanics: Basic concepts of idealization- Particle, Continuum and Rigid Body; Force; Systems of Forces; Basic Principles — Physical Independence of forces, Superposition, Transmissibility, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Resolution and Composition of forces, Law of the parallelogram of forces, Polygonal law, Resultant of Concurrent coplanar force systems, Coplanar non-concurrent Force System: Moment of a Forces, couple, Varignon’s theorem, Resultant of Coplanar non-concurrent force system.


Equilibrium of Forces: Free body diagrams, Lami’s theorem, Equations of Equilibrium, equilibrium of concurrent and non-concurrent coplanar force systems.
Friction: Types of friction, Laws of dry Friction, Limiting friction, Concept of Static and Dynamic Friction; Numerical problems on motion of single and connected bodies on planes, wedge friction, ladder friction, rope and Pulley systems.


Support Reactions: Types of Loads and Supports, statically determinate and indeterminate beams, Support Reaction in beams, Numerical problems on support reactions for statically determinate beams ( Point load, uniformly distributed & uniformly varying loads and Moments
Analysis of Simple trusses: Types of trusses, Analysis of statically determinate trusses using the method of joints and method of sections.


Centroid: Centroid of simple figures from first principle, Centroid of composite/built-up sections;
Moment of Inertia: Introduction, second moment of area of plane sections from first principles, Parallel axes and perpendicular axes Theorems, Radius of gyration, Moment of inertia of composite area and built-up sections. Concept of Product of Inertia(No Problems)


Kinematics: Definitions, Displacement, Average velocity, Instantaneous velocity, Speed, Acceleration, Average acceleration, Variable acceleration, Acceleration due to gravity, Newton’s Laws of Motion. Rectilinear Motion—Numerical problems. Curvilinear Motion-Super elevation, Projectile Motion, Relative motion, Numerical problems. The motion under gravity, Numerical problems,
Kinetics: D’Alembert’s principle and its applications in-plane motion and connected bodies including pulleys

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